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Emma Kraus Bauer
born 1863 in Newark, New Jersey
died October 20, 1889 in Newark, New Jersey - age 25 years.

Father: Herman Kraus (1818-1895)
Mother: Christine Joeck (1827-1926)

Spouse: Otto Bauer (1861-1916)

Cause of death: Phthisis Pulmonalis

Phthisis Pulmonalis is a disease that eventually became known as Tuberculosis (TB). It is a highly communicable and often deadly disease caused by the tubercle bacillus and characterized by toxic symptoms or allergic manifestations which primarily affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is spread through the air, when people who have the disease cough, sneeze or spit.

The typical symptoms of tuberculosis are a chronic cough with blood-tinged sputum, fever, night sweats and weight loss.

In the past, tuberculosis has been called consumption, because it seemed to consume people from within, with a bloody cough, fever, pallor, and long relentless wasting.

Before the Industrial Revolution, tuberculosis may sometimes have been regarded as vampirism. When one member of a family died from it, the other members that were infected would lose their health slowly. People believed that this was caused by the original victim draining the life from the other family members.

Furthermore, people who had TB exhibited symptoms similar to what people considered to be vampire traits. People with TB often have symptoms such as red, swollen eyes (which also creates a sensitivity to bright light), pale skin, extremely low body heat, a weak heart and coughing blood, suggesting the idea that the only way for the afflicted to replenish this loss of blood was by sucking the blood of others.

In the 1800s, the disease was responsible for more than 30% of all deaths in Europe.

Even today, tuberculosis treatment is difficult and requires isolation in a clinic and long courses of multiple antibiotics. Unfortunately for Emma, antibiotics weren't developed until the 1940's.

It was right around the time of the death of her fourth child in December of 1888 that Emma contracted the disease. Incredibly, she became pregnant again, and on June 30, 1889, gave birth to her last child, Louise Bauer. Four months later Emma was dead. Baby Louise died two months after her mother.